NRA promised school safety after Sandy Hook. Data reveals slim impact. – USA TODAY

NRA’s program has delivered roughly $2M to schools, often far less than requested

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  • In wake of Sandy Hook, the NRA launched a school safety program
  • Despite lofty goals, School Shield is falling short of promises
  • Many of the schools that received money used it for non-firearm-related projects

At a news conference the week after a gunman shot and killed 26 people – 20 of them children – in Sandy Hook, Connecticut, the voice of the nation’s gun lobby promised to protect schoolchildren with money, guns and gear.

Wayne LaPierre, the longtime chief executive of the National Rifle Association, blamed gun-free zones for the 2012 massacre and those before it. He called schools “utterly defenseless,” vulnerable to attacks by “monsters and predators.”

Now, a decade after LaPierre pledged the NRA’s financial support for its School Shield initiative, gun violence prevention groups say evidence shows the organization awarded requests at pennies on the dollar and the program has not made a dent in school violence.

Whereas LaPierre made headlines by promising millions to arm teachers, public records obtained by the group Everytown and analyzed by USA TODAY indicates that most of the money has gone to non-firearm-related expenses such as intercoms, fences and film to make windows bullet resistant.

And, Everytown says, the dozens of grants written around the nation collectively amounted to about $2 million – often coming in far under what districts requested. The total also is far less than what the gun rights group has spent on other initiatives, including a reported $130 million in legal fees from 2014 to 2020.

“The numbers prove that the School Shield program was first and foremost about protecting the NRA from bad press, rather than protecting American schoolchildren from mass shootings,” said John Feinblatt, president of Everytown for Gun Safety.

Records show that the NRA awarded the first three school grants between 2014 and 2017, totaling about $189,000. Then, after the 2018 school shooting in Parkland, Florida, spending ramped up.

Despite a spate of mass shootings, however, the program has been largely dormant since 2020 and the School Shield office was furloughed amid financial turmoil at the NRA. In August, the organization announced it would again be accepting grant applications.

The NRA declined to release details about its grants, so the public records shed the most complete depiction to date. A spokeswoman said it has contributed to the training of hundreds of law enforcement and school resource officers across 29 states. 

“We are proud of NRA School Shield and our partnerships with many law enforcement, education and other organizations to promote school safety and firearms training,” Amy Hunter with the NRA told USA TODAY. “This program promotes school security and highlights the need to protect children, our most valuable resource.”

An insider no longer with the NRA says the School Shield program was designed with lofty intentions and scored political points, but has never lived up to expectations.

Josh Powell, former chief of staff to Wayne LaPierre, described the program in his tell-all book, “Inside the NRA.” He wrote that after joining the nonprofit in 2016 he told executives that School Shield was “a Ferrari in a garage” after discovering it had only been used in three schools.

By his telling, he marched into LaPierre’s office and asked, “Do you know how many schools the School Shield Program has assessed?” 

When LaPierre had “no idea,” Powell alleged in his book, he responded, “It’s not three hundred, it’s not three thousand, it’s three. The media is going to kill you when you go on TV and some reporter leaks that number out. They will dismember you on live TV.”

Powell told USA TODAY this week that the program has fallen short not because of lack of funding, but because of bureaucratic problems within the NRA. 

“There were people internally that just didn’t want to see it succeed,” Powell said. “I was mad about it then and I’m still mad about it.” 

Schools use NRA funds for security

Cicero District 99, a near-west suburb of Chicago, is always scraping together funding for its 15 schools. It looked to the NRA for help in 2018, in the wake of Parkland, asking for $225,000 for a comprehensive safety plan.

A few months later, the NRA approved the grant at $7,560 – for survival blankets and first aid kits.

Anthony Grazzini, the district’s grants director, said he was still thankful for the funds and that applying for the grant led them to deeply evaluate school safety.

“Obviously there’s a tremendous amount of work in applying for a grant and honestly more money would have been great, but the process allowed us to take a hard look at all of our facilities and plan,” Grazzini said.

In rural Chouteau, Oklahoma – with a population of about 2,000 – the school district superintendent got every penny her predecessor requested in 2018: $15,000 to train and arm teachers.

Superintendent Lori Helton said the district now has five armed employees who have gone through the state’s training program to become certified. The five trained staff members recertify three times a year at a local gun range.

“It would take 20 minutes for law enforcement to get here in some instances so you don’t have that time,” Helton said. “It’s not controversial to arm teachers here.”

Most of the nation’s schools prohibit firearms on school grounds, with exceptions for law enforcement. At least 10 states – Idaho, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas and Wyoming – allow certain school employees to carry firearms on campus, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.

In the wake of the Uvalde, Texas, shooting this summer, legislators in Ohio and Louisiana considered measures to arm teachers and school staff. 

Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine signed his state’s new law in June to allow staff to carry on campus with 24 hours of training. Louisiana’s Legislature rejected its version of the bill over the summer.

Another rural district in Portageville, Missouri, applied and received NRA grant funding in 2018. Its leaders requested $47,496 for a campus security officer, among other initiatives. Ultimately, the NRA awarded $7,744 for window film.

Superintendent Michael Allred said the shot-resistant film was installed in the front of the schools and on cafeteria-adjacent windows.

“We were grateful for whatever we did get,” Allred said. “It’s a very tiny sliver of the overall pie with security cameras, cards, lockdowns, doors.”

But, he noted, none of it may make a difference.

“You can spend millions of dollars in security,” he said, “and we’ve seen all it takes is for someone to prop a door open and it can make for a bad situation quickly.”

Nick Penzenstadler is a reporter on the USA TODAY investigations team. Contact him at or @npenzenstadler, or on Signal at (720) 507-5273.